This is a great food preservation 101 post on curing salmon in salt to create glorious Gravlax. Pirate Jeni shares the process, the history of gravlax, & instructions to make your own aquavit (a Scandinavian flavored spirit caraway/lemon/dill).
There are a few forms of salumi that require nothing more than meat, salt, spices and time. Case in point is one of the simplest, and yet most delicious, meats you can make: Pancetta. Basically, it’s Italian bacon.
The process for making guanciale is very simple for the home cook: A short dry salt cure, followed by cool-air drying. It only takes a month! And instead of pasta, check out the sweet corn polenta & guanciale recipe to make when it's all done.